One of the most used and conventional method: Grammar Translation Method
Grammar Translation Method is the non-scientific method that appeared at the half of the 19th century with no practical theory. Leading experts of this method are Seidentücker, Plötz, Ollendorf and Meidinger.
In the method, the central focus is on grammatical system rather than communication. Also, it was used to teach the languages of Latin, Greek and was particularly vogue during the 16th century. As a result of politic changes, Latin was said to develop intellectual abilities and it lost it’s central importance both in spoken and written language.
Why Grammar Translation Method was rejected?
- Increased opportunities for communication among the Europeans created a radical demand for speaking.
- This created the need of market for conversation books and phrase books for private studies.
- Also, language specialists turned their attention to the different way where language were taught in secondary schools, so increasingly public education system was seen to be falling.